Myanmar officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a country in Southeast Asia,bordered by India and Bangladesh to its west, Thailand and Laos to its east and China to its north and northeast. To its south, about one third of Myanmar’s total perimeter of 5,876 km (3,651 mi) forms an uninterrupted coastline of 1,930 km (1,200 mi) along the Bay of Bengal and the Andaman Sea. As of 2017, the population is about 54 million. Myanmar is 676,578 square kilometres (261,228 square miles) in size. Its capital city is Naypyidaw, and its largest city and former capital is Yangon (Rangoon). Myanmar has been a member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) since 1997.
What do you call someone from Myanmar?
The ethnic group after which Burma is named is the Burmans or Bamars. Burmese is bot h a noun (singular and plural) and adjective. It refers to the language and culture of these people and citizens of Myanmar. The citizens of Myanmar are called Myanmars, Myanmaris or Myanmarese by some.
Is Burmese food spicy?
Burmese food, like most national cuisines, is the sum of many regional parts. … Whether it’s noodles, rice or vegetables, anything can be turned into a Burmese salad, which are crunchy, spicy and sour. Finally, the pervasive influence of international cuisines, namely Chinese and Indian, can be found all over Myanmar.
At the forefront of Burmese cuisine is the famous dish of mohinga, a bowl of rice noodles covered in a fish based soup and sprinkled with deep fried fritters. Mohinga is a breakfast of champions!
Laphet Thohk – Green Tea Salad
It’s a famed dish, a salad made from pickled tea leaves. Apparently Burma is one of only a few countries in the world that drinks and eats tea leaves. The texture of the salad was unique, a adoring combination of soft, crunchy, crispy, and saucy.
What kind of food do they eat in Myanmar?
A typical meal includes steamed rice as the main dish and accompanying dishes including, curried fish or poultry, sweet or sour soup , some slads and garnish dish vegetables with a fermented fish sauce and chili flake sauce called nga-py-yay-gyo.
What is the national dress of Myanmar?
Myanmar National Costume. Myanmar national costume consists of two sets, one for men and one for women. The traditional costume for men is called Longyi, which looks like a dress for women, often ideally combined with the shirt or traditional Taipon. As Myanmar is united with many ethnic groups, each group has its own unique tradinal costume.
The former capital, the busiest city, the mose crowded city in Myanmar is the commercial centre of Myanmar. Yangon boasts the largest number of colonial-era buildings in Southeast Asia, and has a unique colonial-era urban core that is remarkably intact. The colonial-era commercial core is centred around the Sule Pagoda, which is reputed to be over 2,000 years old. The city is also home to the gilded Shwedagon Pagoda – Myanmar’s most sacred Buddhist pagoda.
Mandalay is the second-largest city and the last royal capital of Myanmar (Burma). Located 716 km (445 mi) north of Yangon on the east bank of the Irrawaddy River. Mandalay is the economic centre of Upper Burma and considered the centre of Burmese culture..Despite Naypyidaw’s recent rise, Mandalay remains Upper Burma’s main commercial, educational and health center.
The Bagan Archaeological Zone is a main attraction for the country’s nascent tourism industry
Bagan is an ancient city in central Myanmar , southwest of Mandalay. Standing on the eastern banks of the Ayeyarwady River, it’s known for the Bagan Archaeological Area, where more than 2,000 Buddhist monuments tower over green plains.
From the 9th to 13th centuries, the city was the capital of the Pagan Kingdom, the first kingdom that unified the regions that would later constitute modern Myanmar. During the kingdom’s height between the 11th and 13th centuries, over 10,000 Buddhist temples, pagodas and monasteries were constructed in the Bagan plains alone, of which the remains of over 2,200 temples and pagodas still survive to the present day.
The Bagan Archaeological Zone is a main attraction for the country’s nascent tourism industry.
Sightseeing around the city with E-Bike and ballooning voer Bangan the most famous attraction.
Myeik ( Beik ) formerly known as Mergui, is a city in Tanintharyi Region in Myanmar (Burma), located in the extreme south of the country on the coast of an island on the Andaman Sea. Myeik is famouse for the untouch nature and amazing virgin Islands and Beaches. Moreover, you can also discover the life of the Salone ( Myanmar sea gypsies ) at the fisherman village. You can get ferry or a speed boat to wander around the islands. Swimming,Snorkelling,Kayaking and Scuba Diving is some of the activities you can enjoy here..
Beaches in Myanmar
As Myanmar is surrounded by Bay of Bangal and Adaman Sea, Myanmar has Total coastline length:1,930 kilometres (1,200 mi) and total water area: 23,070 square kilometres (8,910 sq mi). There are many beautiful beaches along the coastal line. Among them Ngapali Beach, Ngwe Saung Beach and Chaung Tha is the most popular in Myanmar. The most important thing to remember about the Myanmar beach scene is that resorts close down during the monsoon season, from May to October. The time to go is December through April. By spring, the water is warm. The beach is a great place to be for the Water Festival in April.
Inle Lake, a freshwater lake located in Shan State, Nyaung Shwe Township. It is the second largest lake in Myanmar with an estimated surface area of 44.9 square miles (116 km2), and one of the highest at an elevation of 2,900 feet (880 m). During the dry season, the average water depth is 7 feet (2.1 m), with the deepest point being 12 feet (3.7 m), but during the rainy season this can increase by 5 feet (1.5 m).
Although the lake is not large, it contains a number of endemic species. Over twenty species of snails and nine species of fish are found nowhere else in the world. Some of these, like the silver-blue scaleless Sawbwa barb, the crossbanded dwarf danio, and the Lake Inle danio, are of minor commercial importance for the aquarium trade. It hosts approximately 20,000 brown and black head migratory seagulls in November, December and January.
In June 2015, it became Myanmar’s first designated place of World Network of Biosphere Reserves. It was one of 20 places added at the Unesco’s 27th Man and the Biosphere (MAB) International Coordinating Council (ICC) meeting.Since 2018 it has been designated as a protected Ramsar site.
Kyaik Htee Yo Pagoda (The Golden Rock)
Kyaiktiyo Pagoda also known as the Golden Rock is a well-known Buddhis pilgrimage site in Mon State, Burma. It is a small pagoda (7.3 metres (24 ft)) built on the top of a granite boulder covered with gold leaves pasted on by its male devotees.
According to legend, the Golden Rock itself is precariously perched on a strand of the Buddha’s hair. The balancing rock seems to defy gravity, as it perpetually appears to be on the verge of rolling down the hill. The rock and the pagoda are at the top of Mt. Kyaiktiyo. Another legend states that a Buddhist priest impressed the celestial king with his asceticism and the celestial king used his supernatural powers to carry the rock to its current place, specifically choosing the rock as the resemblance to the monks head. It is the third most important Buddhist pilgrimage site in Burma after the Shwedagon Pagoda and the Mahamuni Pagoda.
Currently, women are not allowed into the inner sanctuary of the rocks vicinity, maintained by an employed security guard who watches over the gated entrance. Women are permitted in the outer balcony and the lower courtyard of the rock.
Kachin State ( Putao)
Putao is the northernmost town of Kachin State, Myanmar. It is the principal town in Putao Township. It can only be reached by road during summer (for nationals) but is accessible year round by air if there are sufficient tourist groups to justify a plane. The area around Putao is famous for the variety of endemic birds and rare orchids, which grow naturally. Many orchid lovers are especially attracted by the so-called “Black Orchid” that can be found in the mountains east and west of Putao. Hkakabo Razi and other snow-capped mountains are visible from Putao. Putao attracts also enthusiasts, hiking to Hkakabo Razi base camp, located close to Tahaunda.
Pyin Oo Lwin
Pyin Oo Lwin or Pyin U Lwin, formerly and colloquially referred to as Maymyo, is a scenic hill town in Mandalay Division, Myanmar, located in the Shan Highland, some 67 kilometers (42 mi) east of Mandalay, and at an altitude of 1,070 meters (3510 ft). Pyin Oo Lwin was established as a British colonial enclave in the late 19th century and is known for its relatively large Anglo-Burmese population, colonial architecture, and year-round cool weather.
Pyin Oo Lwin has annual Flower Festival , which usually starts in December. The festival will display more than 130,000 flower species, including local and foreign strains. There will also be floral sculptures on display, and vendors will sell local handicrafts. Last year, the festival also included rock and hip hop concerts on certain nights.
Admission to the festival costs K1,000 per adult and K500 per child for Myanmar nationals and US$5 for foreigners.
Mrauk U formerly known as Mrohaung is an archaeologically important town in northern Rakhine State, Myanmar. It is also the capital of Mrauk-U Township, a sub region of the Mrauk-U District. From 1430 until 1785, it was the capital of the Mrauk U Kingdom, the most important and powerful Rakhine (Arakanese) kingdom.
It can be reached via Sittwe, the capital of Rakhaing State. Although there’s a road between Sittwe & Mrauk U, the best way to reach to/from these places is 65km (4 to 6hours) lovely boat trip along scenic Kaladen River. It is necessary to plan the Mrauk U/Sittwe trip separately from other Myanmar tours as it can only be reached by flight from Yangon. Depending on the seasonal demand, there might be a couple of flights from Thandwe (Ngapali Beach) to Sittwe.